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  • Writer's pictureCohesive Society

Mental Health Q&A : Bangladeshi Community

Updated: Mar 29




Q: What are the key factors contributing to mental health disparities in the BAME community in the UK?


A: Mental health disparities in the BAME (Black, Asian, and Minority Ethnic) community in the UK can be attributed to several factors, including social and economic inequalities, racism and discrimination, cultural stigma, language barriers, and lack of culturally sensitive mental health services.


Q: How does racism and discrimination impact mental health in the BAME community?


A: Racism and discrimination can lead to chronic stress, anxiety, and depression among individuals from BAME backgrounds. The constant experience of being treated unfairly or feeling unwelcome can profoundly impact mental well-being, self-esteem, and overall life satisfaction.


Q: Why is cultural stigma a barrier to mental health care for BAME individuals?


A: Cultural stigma surrounding mental health can deter BAME individuals from seeking help or discussing their struggles. In some cultures, mental health issues might be seen as a sign of weakness, personal failure, or even possession by evil spirits. This stigma can lead to individuals suffering in silence and not accessing the support and treatment they need.


Q: How do language barriers impact access to mental health services for BAME individuals?


A: Language barriers can make it difficult for non-English speaking BAME individuals to access mental health services and communicate their concerns effectively. This can lead to misunderstandings, misdiagnoses, and inadequate treatment plans. Culturally competent mental health professionals who speak multiple languages or work with interpreters can help mitigate this issue.


Q: What steps can be taken to improve mental health care access for the BAME community?


A: Improving mental health care access for the BAME community requires a multifaceted approach, including:

  1. Increasing cultural competency training for mental health professionals to understand better and address the unique needs of BAME clients.

  2. Providing mental health services in multiple languages or offering interpretation services.

  3. Developing culturally sensitive mental health promotion campaigns to reduce stigma and raise awareness.

  4. Addressing social and economic inequalities that disproportionately impact BAME communities.

  5. Encouraging research on different BAME groups' specific mental health needs to inform targeted interventions and policies.


Q: Are there any support groups or resources specifically designed for BAME individuals in the UK?


A: Yes, there are several organizations and support groups in the UK dedicated to supporting the mental health needs of BAME individuals, such as Black Minds Matter, the South Asian Health Foundation, and The Chinese Mental Health Association. These groups offer culturally sensitive resources, support networks, and therapeutic services tailored to the needs of BAME communities.


Mental health issues in the BAME community. Diagnosing mental health issues in any population is a complex process that requires a thorough evaluation by a mental health professional. Here are some general steps that mental health professionals take when diagnosing mental health issues:


Thorough assessment: A comprehensive assessment involves gathering information about the individual's background, medical history, and presenting symptoms. For BAME individuals, it is essential to understand cultural, social, and linguistic factors that may impact their mental health.

Observation: Mental health professionals often observe an individual's behaviour, mood, and interactions to identify patterns that might indicate a mental health issue.

Clinical interviews: During a clinical interview, mental health professionals ask questions to understand the individual's thoughts, feelings, and behaviours. It is crucial to use culturally sensitive interviewing techniques and, if necessary, an interpreter to ensure clear communication.


Psychological tests: In some cases, mental health professionals may use psychological tests, questionnaires, or screening tools to gather more information about an individual's mental health.


Consideration of cultural factors: When diagnosing mental health issues in the BAME community, it is essential to consider how cultural factors may influence the presentation of symptoms, the individual's understanding of their mental health, and the appropriateness of certain diagnostic criteria.


Collaboration with other professionals: Mental health professionals may consult with other specialists, such as medical doctors or cultural consultants, to gather additional information and ensure an accurate diagnosis.


Reaching a diagnosis: After collecting and analyzing all relevant information, a mental health professional will determine if the individual meets the criteria for a specific mental health disorder, as outlined in diagnostic manuals such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) or the International Classification of Diseases (ICD).

Please note that only qualified mental health professionals can diagnose mental health issues. If you or someone you know is struggling with mental health concerns, seeking professional help for an accurate assessment and appropriate treatment is essential.


Access to mental health professionals for diagnosis and treatment can sometimes be challenging, depending on various factors, such as location, availability of services, financial resources, and cultural barriers. Here are some reasons why it might be hard to get help from a professional to get diagnosed:


Limited availability: In some areas, there may be a shortage of mental health professionals, leading to long appointment waiting times or limited access to services.

Financial constraints: Mental health services can be expensive, and not everyone can access insurance or public health services to cover the costs. This may make it difficult for some individuals to afford the necessary help.

Stigma: The stigma surrounding mental health issues can discourage people from seeking help, as they may feel ashamed or fear being judged by others.

Cultural barriers: For some individuals, especially those from BAME communities, cultural barriers and lack of culturally sensitive services may make accessing appropriate mental health care difficult.


Lack of awareness: Many people may not recognize the signs and symptoms of mental health issues or know the available resources and services.


Language barriers: Non-English speakers might face challenges in accessing mental health services due to communication difficulties.

Despite these challenges, it is essential to seek help if you or someone you know is struggling with mental health issues. You can start by talking to your primary care physician, who can refer you to a mental health professional if needed. Additionally, numerous support groups, hotlines, and community resources are available to help people access mental health care and navigate the system.



In some Bangladeshi families in the UK, the belief in the "evil spirit theory" can significantly affect how they perceive and approach mental health disorders. According to this theory, mental health issues are attributed to the influence of evil spirits or supernatural forces. This belief can impact the willingness of individuals from such families to seek medical help for mental health concerns. It may lead them to seek assistance from faith or spiritual healers instead.


The influence of the evil spirit theory in Bangladeshi families can be attributed to various factors, such as:


Cultural beliefs: Deep-rooted cultural beliefs and traditions can shape an individual's understanding of mental health disorders. In some Bangladeshi families, the evil spirit theory may be a prominent cultural belief influencing their mental health perception.

Stigma: Mental health stigma can lead to the perception that mental health issues are a personal failure or a sign of weakness. This can make individuals more likely to attribute their mental health issues to supernatural causes instead of recognizing them as medical conditions that require professional help.


Lack of awareness: Limited awareness about mental health disorders and their symptoms can contribute to believing in the evil spirit theory. Without a clear understanding of mental health issues, individuals may be more likely to attribute their symptoms to supernatural causes.

Religious and spiritual beliefs: Religion and spirituality are significant in many Bangladeshi families. As a result, some individuals may be more inclined to seek help from faith or spiritual healers, believing that their mental health issues result from supernatural forces that can be addressed through spiritual interventions.


While seeking help from faith or spiritual healers can provide emotional support and a sense of community for some individuals, it is essential to recognize the importance of professional medical help for mental health disorders. Mental health professionals can offer evidence-based treatments and interventions to improve the individual's well-being significantly.

Efforts should be made to raise awareness about mental health issues, reduce stigma, and promote culturally sensitive mental health services within the Bangladeshi community in the UK. This can help individuals from these families better understand the nature of mental health disorders and encourage them to seek appropriate professional help.

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